Active parent and teacher participation in the IEP process is critical for student success. Because the heart and soul of any IEP is really the goal, I’ve put together a Goal Developer Cheat Sheet to help you understand the important parts of the goal and what’s required. That way, when you do attend an IEP meeting, you’ll know exactly what’s needed to develop effective goals.
Get your FREE copy HERE.
Parts of the IEP
Each IEP goal requires the following parts in order to be valid as part of the IEP as a whole.
IEP Goal Date
This is the date that the goal will be met. Typically, it’s sometime between the current IEP meeting and when the IEP will be due for review again.
Every IEP goal must include details about where the goal will be mastered by the student. This could include in a small or large group setting, one-to-one, etc. Where will the student effectively show that they can complete the task?
The target skill is the task that the student is working to master. The important thing is to keep this simple and focus on only one skill that the student is expected to do independently. Remember – it’s always better to have more goals than to group too many goals together.
Measurement and Data
Without results, there’s no way to know if the student has actually met the requirements. When it comes to measuring the results of an IEP goal, it’s important to know how often the student will complete that task (e.g. percentage, # out of # times, trials, etc.) and with what level of consistency (e.g. over a three-week period).
Wrapped up with the measurement piece is the data, or how the results will be noted. The team might choose evaluation in the form of observation, work samples or other data, and no matter the method, it should be clearly noted as part of the IEP goal.
Reevaluate the Baseline
When the IEP process starts, a focus on the deficits of the student is what determines the need for goals. After the team has designed IEP goals, it’s important to double-check that there really is a baseline or deficit area that shows that the goal is needed and that it actually addresses that area of need. If it doesn’t, it’s time to start again and rework the goal until it does.
Additional Resources for Success
Whether you are new to the world of special education or an experienced veteran, there’s a lot to process when it comes to navigating IEP requirements. That’s why I’ve put together an IEP Toolbox, an easy step-by-step guide to take the IEP process from chaos to calm. Grab yours HERE.
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